As your bones become thinner with osteoporosis, they break more easily. For millions of older adults, mostly women, everyday activities like standing, walking, and bending may be enough to cause a broken bone.No matter your age, many things can help you treat osteoporosis and prevent more bone loss.
What is premenopausal osteoporosis?
What are the signs of premenopausal osteoporosis?
Why do thinner bones lead to painful fractures?
If the decline in bone continues over a period of 10 to 20 years, bones continue to become weaker, thinner, and easier to break. While the first fracture will usually heal, as long as the bones are thin and weak, they will be susceptible to more fractures. With more fractures, your pain will escalate. Also, deformities in your spine (called a Dowager’s hump) and other areas of your body may become more obvious.
You may have more difficulty getting around and doing daily activities because of the pain and stiffness. And more fractures could eventually lead to disability, immobility and even death.
Which women are at risk of premenopausal osteoporosis?
A family history of osteoporosis and/or fractures
A history of eating disorders such as anorexia or bulimia
A history of other diseases, including kidney disease, coeliac disease, thyroid disease, and connective tissue disorders
A temporary loss of monthly periods for more than 6 months (except during pregnancy)
Long-term lack of exercise or overtraining leading to loss of periods
Heavy smoking or drinking
Low calcium intake
Use of certain drugs, including steroids, anticonvulsants, some cancer chemotherapies and long-term use of the blood thinner heparin.
While you can control some risk factors, some you can’t change. For example, you can’t change your family history. Or you may develop cancer and need chemotherapy, even if it does raise your risk of premenopausal osteoporosis.
How can a woman reduce her risk of premenopausal osteoporosis?
Eat a diet rich in calcium and vitamin D. Consider using supplements if you can’t get enough of these nutrients in food alone.
Get regular exercise. You’ll need a combination of weight-bearing exercise and resistance training. But watch out for overtraining, which may increase the risk of osteoporosis caused by reduced oestrogen production.
Avoid excessive alcohol.
Take osteoporosis medications, if needed
Are there ways to screen for premenopausal osteoporosis?
How is premenopausal osteoporosis in women treated?
If you have taken steroids, your doctor may prescribe a drug from the class of drugs known as bisphosphonates. These drugs have been shown to help combat osteoporosis. Other osteoporosis drugs are also available that help build bone and prevent further bone loss.
No matter what causes your premenopausal osteoporosis, the best thing you can do is adopt a lifestyle that promotes good bone health.
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